Chiffonade is a term generally used to cut fresh, flat herbs and most types of lettuce. The reason for using this technique is to get a finer cut than by tearing it. For this example I am using fresh basil, but use the same technique for other herbs and lettuce. Stack several leaves of basil, roll it up like a cigar and slice. When using this technique cut the herb or lettuce right before serving, otherwise it will discolor.